Archive for February, 2012

My pet has fleas. What can I do?

February 22, 2012

Successful flea control involves eliminating fleas from your pet and controlling fleas in the environment. Dogs and cats share the same fleas. All pets in your home should be on flea prevention. There are many choices for flea control these days so discuss with your veterinarian which product would be the most appropriate for you pet. Remember, cats can only use cat products. Using a dog product for fleas on a cat can have dangerous side effects.

For cats, we recommend Revolution which is a topical product for not only fleas but for intestinal parasites, ear mites and heartworms. It is applied once a month. This is a prescription product; your pet must have seen the veterinarian within one year when the product is purchased.

For dogs we recommend Advantix. Advantix is a topical solution applied monthly for the prevention of fleas, ticks, and mosquito bites. We also sell Comfortis which is a monthly pill for flea control. Comfortis must be given with a meal. Advantix and Comfortis are not heartworm preventions, so your dog will still have to take a monthly pill to protect against heartworm disease and intestinal parasites. Trifexis is the Comfortis product combined with a heartworm prevention to give protection against fleas, heartworms, and intestinal worms in one pill. Comfortis and Trifexis are both prescriptions.

To treat the pet’s environment, we recommend vacuuming the carpet to stimulate the pre-adult fleas to emerge. Be sure to empty your vacuum container or throw away your vacuum bag. Ask  your veterinarian which home product they recommend for you. Bayer, who makes Advantix, also makes products for treating the home and yard.

Outdoor areas need to be treated as well. Concentrate on dark, shaded areas. Spray a product containing an IGR or Insect Growth Regulators every 14-21 days for three to five applications.

Any questions? Feel free to give us a call 918-455-7107.




New Puppy Owner cont’d…

February 13, 2012

 Deworming- Nearly all puppies are born with intestinal parasites such as roundworm and hookworm, whether the mother was dewormed or not. The reason for this is the life-cycle of the parasites. Both roundworms and hookworms spend the majority of their life in the migratory phase. Immature larval worms migrate through the tissues of the body until they eventually make their way into the lungs, from which they are coughed up, swallowed, and develop into adult worms in the intestines which lay eggs that can be found via a microscopic examination of the pup’s feces. This migration of parasites has a number of implications. Dewormers are not very effective against the migratory phase. Therefore, mothers can pass the worms to their pups in utero, or to nursing pups in milk. That’s why nearly all puppies have worms.

More importantly, these parasites may, on occasion, infect people, especially children, through exposure to eggs or hatched larvae in the soil. A child who plays in dirt in which an infected dog had defecated weeks before may be infected by hookworm larvae penetrating the soles of wet feet, or by hookworm or roundworm eggs from teh soil on their hands entering the mouth when the child eats or drinks. The larvae can migrate to major organs such as the liver or eye.

The way to protect ourselves is to deworm our puppies at least 3 times with four weeks between dewormings. This allows migratory phases of the worms to develop into adult in the intestines susceptible to our dewormers. Following this, if we keep our pets on monthly parasite prevention for heartworm, this will also help protect against hookworm and roundworms.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends at least 3 rounds of dewormer for puppies and kittens, in order to protect our childre. Other precautions include: wearing gloves when gardening, restricting where our pets are allowed to defecate, cleaning pet droppings from the yard, and washing our heands after handling pet feces or soil.

Please see your veterinarian to set up a series of “well-puppy” visits for that new family member. A happy healthy puppy is a joy to all who meet him. Feel free to post any questions.

Randal Burris, DVM


Arrow Springs Animal Hospital

Dear New Puppy Owner,

February 10, 2012

Congratulations! That bouncy, energetic, lovable ball of fluff is now a member of your family. This is the start of a wonderful relationship that will provide both of you hours of companionship and devotion. I once read a quote that dogs make great friends because they wag their tails instead of their tongues. That new puppy will need a number of things during its first year. I’d like to cover vaccines and deworming.

Vaccines- Vaccines stimulate the immune system by providing either a killed or attenuated (weakened) version of disease-causing, microorganisms to the pet. The activated immune system is then able to protect the pet from the  possibly life-threatening version of these diseases.  The reasons puppies receive so many vaccines their first year are two-fold. One reason is to boost the immune system. By giving vaccines between 2 and 4 weeks apart, the immune response is enhanced. The second and most important reason puppies receive several rounds of vaccines is to time the moment when the individual puppy’s immune system is competent to respond to the vaccine. This time to respond to the vaccine. This time is different for every individual, but lies somewhere between 6 and 16 weeks of age. Prior to 6 weeks of age, antibodies from the mother circulate in the bloodstream of the puppy, protecting it from any disease for which the mother was protected, but also blocking any vaccine give to the puppy. That’s why any vaccine given before 6 weeks of age is useless. Since this maternal antibody wears off at different times for different puppies, we begin vaccinating at 6 to 8 weeks and continue every 3-4 weeks until 4 months of age. This will help ensure that vaccines are given at the critical moment when the puppy’s immune system can respond.   Please watch for the next posting about deworming. Randal Burris, DVM

Is it ear mites? Or an ear infection?

February 1, 2012

Pets with ear mites often have black or brown debris in the ear and the pet is very itchy. Ear mites are not as common as say a yeast infection in the ears. Ear mites are more commonly found in puppies and kittens rather than adults. We offer a one-time only treatment for ear mites so there is usually no need for owners to treat at home. If you can stomach it, check out this microscopic view of an ear mite.

Pet Obesity- How much is too much?

February 1, 2012

It depends on the breed and size of your pet. Obesity leads to several diseases both in pets and people. Type II diabetes, heart disease and arthritis are the most common weight-related disorders. Diet and weight reduction are the key to ensuring your pet lives a healthy, long life. Obesity is defined as weighing more than 30% of the ideal weight. With humans, this is fairly straightforward and can be determined by consulting weight and height charts. Dogs and cats are often diagnosed as obese by a combinations of weight charts and body scoring.


The “Bark Side” 2012 Super Bowl ad

February 1, 2012

Why does my pet’s breath smell so bad, and what can I do about it?

February 1, 2012
There are multiple reasons for foul breath. Reasons can include serious medical problems, such as kidney failure or diabetes, or can be as simple as eating something smelly. Remember, our furry friends don’t brush and floss!By far, the most common reason for bad breath is due to plaque, tartar and decay of teeth and gums. If your pet consistently has bad breath, a visit to your veterinarian is due. Dental plaque and tarter removal is accomplished by placing your pet under anesthesia, the plaque is then scaled off, both on the tooth surface and under the gums. Next, the teeth are polished, and many clinics apply fluoride.

Once your pet’s oral health has been restored, you can help maintain their clean teeth. Brushing is still the best method. Use soft-bristled brushes or finger-brushes and toothpaste made for pets. Children’s toothpaste can be used, but don’t use adult paste, as pets don’t spit! If your pet won’t stand for brushing, there are many other products that help reduce the build-up of plaque; rinses, chew-bones and even special foods that can help.

For more information, please visit our web-site:

Don Schmidt, DVM